Rug Materials Area rugs are made from a variety of
fibers. Most of the rugs featured at Rugs A Bound are made from
natural fibers. You can "go green" with natural fibers, a feature that
is becoming increasingly important to many consumers.
Natural Fibers Include
Cotton rugs wear well and have a natural feel. They
should not be used in areas with high-traffic since cotton collects dust
Jute is a
popular rug material that is made from natural fibers. Jute rugs are made
from the jute plant, which is also used to make twine and burlap.
Jute is not as durable as sisal because it is softer. Its luster determines quality; the
more it shines, the better the quality.
Sisal is derived
from agrave plants in Africa. Like Jute, Sisal is used to make
many different products, but only the highest quality sisal is used in
area rugs. Sisal does not
trap dust or build up static. These rugs are not recommended for
areas with direct sunlight or high traffic.
Wool: Wool is strong,
pleasing to touch, abundant and is easily
dyed, which makes it a popular rug fabric. Most synthetic fibers
attempt to imitate the look and feel of wool. Wool is static and
stain resistant, but will shed a bit initially. Most of the rugs featured
at Rugs A Bound are wool.
This is a synthetic fiber with a lightweight wool-like feel.
It dyes very well and has excellent colorfastness. It is durable,
retains its shape, and resists shrinkage and wrinkles.
Wool is often blended with
synthetic fibers such as nylon to increase durability. Blended wool
yarns are extensively used in production of modern carpet.
This synthetic fiber has a wool-like appearance and is available in
a range of vibrant colors. Polyester rugs are soft,
stain-resistant, and affordable, but not as durable as wool.
These rugs wear well, clean easily and are suitable for areas
with heavy foot traffic such as offices. Outdoor rugs are usually
made from polypropylene since it is mildew and stain resistant.
Weaves Used to Make Rugs The majority of the rugs at Rugs
A Bound are hand made by skilled artisans, while some of the rugs
are machine made. In this section about weaves, you'll see the
word pile mentioned a few times, it refers to the soft raised
surface on a rug which is made by the yarn loops.
Hand-Knotted Area Rugs: Hand-knotted rugs are generally made with wool
or silk. A hand-knotted rug takes the longest to make,
which makes them the most expensive. In the construction
of a hand-knotted rug, weavers string cotton threads, called
warps, on a frame which is the foundation of the rug. The pile
yarns are looped around cotton threads individually. The cotton
yarns are woven side to side through the warps. These
threads are tied off on the sides which make the decorative
fringes that are a part of almost all hand-knotted rugs.
These rugs are usually finished with a special wash to add
softness and shine.
Hand-Tufted Area Rugs: Hand-tufted
rugs are made with many different fibers. They are high quality
hand made rugs but are generally less expensive than
hand-knotted rugs. A cotton canvas is put on a frame to
form the foundation of these rugs. A pattern is drawn or
stenciled onto the canvas, and then weavers use a hooking tool
to push yarns through the canvas to make a loop. These
loops are cut to give a plush or cut pile surface. In most
cases today, a latex coating is used to hold the piles of yarn
in place, which is then covered by a second piece of canvas.
A Hi/Lo hand-tufted rug features a combination of cut and loop
pile, which makes a 3-D effect.
Hand-Hooked Area Rugs: Hand-hooked rugs are made like the hand-tufted
rugs with one major difference. Instead of a heavy canvas
backing, these rugs have a mesh backing which is light-weight.
These rugs usually have a short looped pile instead of a thick
Flat Weave: Flat weaves are made with
cotton warps like hand-knotted rugs. The yarn in these
rugs is threaded back and forth covering all of the cotton warps
like a blanket or tapestry, which creates a very flat pile.
Machine Made: Machine-made
area rugs are produced with a power loom and are made by
people, machines and computers. These rugs have become
increasingly popular due to affordability and availability
of sizes, colors and shapes.
Woven Jute: Jute rugs are woven with
natural plant fibers. These rugs are woven in loop or flat
constructions, and are then dyed or have printed designs.